English Daily Dose: 10 Macam Penggunaan Infinitive | Blog Ruangguru

English Daily Dose: 10 Macam Penggunaan Infinitive

Saatnya #EnglishDailyDose! Kali ini, Ruangguru akan membahas tentang penggunaan infinitive dalam Bahasa Inggris. Simak yuk!

Infinitive adalah bentuk dengan awalan to + V1.

Bagaimana penggunaannya?

infinitive1

The students are to do the school assignment.

She is to obey the rules of her parents.

am to go home before 11.00 PM.

infinitive2

The game is supposed to begin at 10.00 PM.

The committee is supposed to meet tomorrow.

am supposed to go to the meeting. My boss told me that he wants me to attend.

infinitive3

What are we going to do tomorrow?”

To play basketball.”

Seharusnya “We’re going to play basketball”

Coba bedakan dengan

“What is your hobby?”

Playing basketball”

Seharusnya “My hobby is playing basketball”

infinitive4

He comes here to see me.

We watched the match lively to support the team.

I borrow money to pay the rent.

infinitive5

Mobile phone was first to emerge in 1995.

I am the second person to buy the book.

This is the thousandth to say the pray.

infinitive6

I need a glass of milk to drink = minuman susu.

We need some books to read = buku bacaan.

infinitive7

It is too good to be true.

I have enough strength to lift the box.

I’m strong enough to lift the box.

infinitive8

English is easy to learn

I am glad to meet you.

I am proud to have you as my brother.

Kata sifat lain yang bisa diikuti dengan to:

1571 Werninger St.,Houston, TX

infinitive9

She advised us to wait until tomorrow.

He allows me to use his car.

I’m asking you to help them.

Kata kerja lain yang diikuti dengan infinitive + pronoun + to:

1571 Werninger St.,Houston, TX (1)

infinitive10

I can’t afford to buy the new iPad.

They agreed to help us.

She is appearing to worry about the weather.

Kata kerja lain yang diikuti to:

1571 Werninger St.,Houston, TX (2)

CATATAN: Beberapa verb yang digunakan di atas memiliki arti yang berbeda dari biasanya!

Haruskah kita hafal verb di atas? TIDAK PERLU!

Yang perlu kita tahu, infinitive dalam hal ini digunakan untuk menyambungkan dua verb yang digunakan sekaligus dalam satu predikat. Infinitive digunakan bila dalam arti penggunaannya, verb pertama dikerjakan sebelum verb kedua.

Contoh:

promise to meet you.

Saya berjanji (dahulu, baru) bertemu kamu.

infinitive11

I didn’t expect to be invited to his party.

The rain seems to have stopped.

Jane is fortunate to have been given a scholarship.

infinitive12

Dalam bentuk causative, penggunaan HAVE, MAKE, HELP, dan LET dalam berbagai tense yang diikuti oleh objective pronoun diikuti oleh V1 saja.

infinitive14

He made me cry.

They will have someone prepare the food.

We are helping her finish the assignment.

I’m letting you know the truth.

Bagaimana, sudah cukup mengerti? (TN)

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Sumber: Buku “TOP MASTER TOEFL: Pursue Your Highest Grammar Score” (M.Ali Fikrie)

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Situs Pencarian Guru Privat & Konten Pembelajaran #1 di Indonesia

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