English Daily Dose: Macam-Macam Penggunaan Gerund

Ruangguru Mar 16, 2017 • 10 min read


Beberapa waktu lalu, Ruangguru sempat mengulas mengenai berbagai macam penggunaan infinitive dalam Bahasa Inggris. Nah, sekarang saatnya membahas macam-macam penggunaan gerundGerund adalah bentuk Ving yang berfungsi sebagai noun.

Seperti apa sih penggunaan gerund? Simak ulasan berikut ya!

1. Sebagai subjek atau objek

  • Swimming is my hobby.
  • My hobby is swimming.
  • Shopping can be tiring too.

Catatan: Subjek/objek gerund adalah sebuah kegiatan, swimming = olahraga renang bukan sedang berenang.

2. Sebagai kata pelengkap (complement)

  • His job is working on the field = pekerjaan lapangan.
  • Loving each other is the main idea of the novel = rasa saling menyayangi.

3. Mengikuti preposition 

  • He is good at speaking English.
  • She leaves the shop without buying any goods.
  • I’m interested in browsing Google Earth.

4. Mengikuti prepositional object

- be used to: terbiasa

- look forward to: menanti

- be accustomed to: terbiasa

- object to: keberatan

- to take to: senang

- confess to: mengakui

  • I am looking forward to hearing from you soon.
  • I confessed to stealing the CDs.
  • He objects to marrying his girlfriend soon.

Catatan khusus:

  • used to + V1 (kebiasaan lampau)
  • be used to + Ving

(kebiasaan dari dulu hingga sekarang)

  • I used to practice dance every week.
  • I am used to sleeping at 11.00 PM.

5. Digunakan setelah possessive 

  • I don’t mind her smoking here.
  • I will finish my eating later.
  • I resent her interfering in my business.

6. Membentuk kata benda (noun phrase)

  • Let’s go to the swimming pool.
  • Grandpa lost his walking stick.
  • Please smoke in the smoking room.

7. Mengikuti verb

  • He admitted cheating the test.
  • She advises waiting until tomorrow.
  • I anticipate having a good time on vacation.

Kata kerja lain yang diikuti Ving:

appreciate                    avoid                      complete

consider                        delay                      deny

discuss                           dislike                    enjoy

finish                              forget                     keep

mention                        mind                       miss

postpone                       practice                 quit

recall                             recollect                 recommend

regret                            remember              resent

resist                              risk                          stop

suggest                          tolerate                 understand

excuse                            forgive                   fancy

imagine                         prevent                  continue

CATATAN: Beberapa verb yang digunakan di atas memiliki arti yang berbeda dari biasanya.

Haruskah kita hafal verb di atas? TIDAK PERLU!

Yang perlu kita tahu, gerund dalam hal ini digunakan untuk menyambungkan dua verb yang digunakan sekaligus dalam satu predikat. Gerund digunakan bila dalam arti penggunaannya, verb pertama dikerjakan bersamaan dengan verb kedua.

Contoh:

I avoid meeting you.

Saya menghindari bertemu kamu.

Tidak berarti menghindar dahulu baru bertemu!

8. Digunakan setelah can't help, can't bear, can't stand dan no use

  • It’s no use waiting for her.
  • I can’t help falling in love with you.
  • I can’t stand smelling the odor.

9. Digunakan saat subjek merupakan benda dan diikuti oleh verb

need, want, require, worth.

  • Inception movie is worth watching.
  • The job requires filling the registration form completely.
  • The house needs painting.

10. Penggunaan go + gerund

Menyatakan kegiatan rekreasional.

go bowling                                   go camping

go fishing                                      go hiking

go hunting                                    go jogging

go sailing                                      go shopping

go swimming                               go skating

11. Dapat digunakan di kalimat pasif

  • Animals dislike being eaten by human.
  • I give up being employed by that man.

12. Special expression 

Have fun/have a good time + Ving

  • We had fun playing.

Have trouble/have difficulty + Ving

  • I had trouble finding his house.

Spend/Waste + (expression time or money) + Ving

  • Siti spends most of her time studying.
  • I waste a lot of time watching.

Sit/Stand/Lie + (expression of place) + Ving

  • She sat at her desk writing a letter.
  • I stood there wondering what to do next.
  • He is lying in bed reading a novel.

Semoga penjelasan mengenai gerund kali ini membuatmu lebih mengerti ya. Selamat dan tetap semangat belajar, smart buddies! (TN)

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Sumber: Buku "TOP MASTER TOEFL: Pursue Your Highest Grammar Score" (M.Ali Fikrie)

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