Mempelajari Struktur dari Narrative Text

cara membuat narrative text

Artikel ini mempelajari struktur dari tulisan naratif dalam bahasa inggris (narrative text) serta latihan soal

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Once upon a time, there was a young girl named Cinderella. She lived with her step mother and two step sisters. The step mother and sisters were conceited and bad tempered. One day, they were invited to a ball dance in a palace. With the help of fairy godmother, Cinderella managed to come to the palace.

Squad, tahukah kamu termasuk ke dalam teks apa potongan paragraf di atas? Yup, teks tersebut merupakan sebuah narrative text. Teks naratif berisi cerita dengan sudut pandang orang ketiga tentang kejadian-kejadian fiktif di masa lalu. Bentuknya meliputi cerita dongeng, legenda, mitos, dan masih banyak lagi lainnya, salah satu contohnya ya seperti cerita yang barusan kamu baca tadi.Struktur Text Naratif

1. Orientation

Merupakan paragraf pembuka teks yang mengenalkan tokoh dalam kejadian (who) serta latar waktu (when) dan tempat yang melatarbelakangi kejadian (where). Terletak di paragraf pertama teks naratif.

2. Complication

Terdapat pada paragraf setelah orientation. Bagian ini menjelaskan awal masalah yang menjadi penyebab alur cerita) yang kemudian akan berlanjut pada konflik, klimaks, dan anti klimaks cerita. 

Baca juga: Present Perfect Tense dan Fungsinya

3. Resolution

Berupa paragraf yang menjadi penyebab cerita berakhir. Setiap permasalahan yang muncul pasti harus ada penyelesaiannya 'kan Squad? Bisa ditutup dengan akhir yang menyenangkan (happy ending) atau berakhir tragis atau menyedihkan (sad ending). 

4. Reorientation

Merupakan kalimat penutup yang menceritakan kondisi terakhir sang tokoh dalam cerita atau pesan moral cerita. Bagian ini boleh ditulis, boleh juga tidak. Tidak harus selalu ada pada suatu teks naratif, kok.

tujuan dari naratif teks

Latihan Soal

The Legend of Mount Batur

A long time ago, there lived on the island of Bali a giant-like creature named Kbo Iwo. The people of Bali used to say that Kbo Iwo was everything, a destroyer as well as a creator. He was satisfied with the meal, but this meant for the Balinese people enough food for a thousand men.

Difficulties arose when for the first time the barns were almost empty and the new harvest was still a long way off. This made Kbo Iwo wild with great anger. In his hunger, he destroyed all of the houses and even the temples. It made the Balinese turn to rage.

So, they came together to plan steps to oppose this powerful giant by using his stupidity. They asked Kbo Iwo to build them a very deep well, and rebuild all the houses and temples he had destroyed. After they fed Kbo Iwo, he began to dig a deep hole.

One day he had eaten too much, he fell asleep in the hole. The oldest man in the village gave a sign, and the villagers began to throw the limestone they had collected before into the hole. The limestone made the water inside the hole boiling. Kbo Iwo was buried alive. Then the water in the well rose higher and higher until at last it overflowed and formed Lake Batur. The mound of earth dug from the well by Kbo Iwo is known as Mount Batur.

1. Which following statement is true about Kbo Iwo?

  1. Kbo Iwo ate a little amount of meat.
  2. Kbo Iwo was angry because his food was stolen by Balinese people.
  3. Kbo Iwo destroyed all of the houses but not the temples.
  4. Kbo ate food that was equal for food of thousand men.

 

Jawaban: D

Pembahasan:

Pernyataan yang benar berdasarkan teks di atas adalah Kbo ate food that was equal for food of thousand people karena sesuai dengan kalimat ketiga pada teks, yakni “He was satisfied with the meal, but this meant for the Balinese people enough food for a thousand men.” (Ia merasa puas dengan makanan yang ada, akan tetapi makanan ini cukup untuk seribu laki-laki.)

2. So, they came together to plan steps to oppose this powerful giant……(3)

The antonym of the word “oppose” is….

  1. Support
  2. Defeat
  3. Turn Against
  4. Beat

 

Jawaban: A

Pembahasan:

Kata oppose yang bermakna menentang berantonim dengan kata yang bermakna mendukung yaitu support.

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