Struktur Kalimat Simple Past Tense | Bahasa Inggris Kelas 10

Bahasa Inggris_10

A long time ago, there was beautiful woman named Shinta. She lived in the middle of forest with her husband, Rama. And Laksmana, Rama’s brother.

Squad, tahukah kamu bahwa semua kisah di masa lalu itu diceritakan dengan menggunakan simple past tense? Yap, Simple Past Tenses digunakan untuk mengungkapkan suatu tindakan atau kejadian yang terjadi di masa lalu. Jadi, kejadian yang diceritakan dimulai dan berakhir di masa lalu. Sudah paham 'kan Squad? Nah, sekarang mari kita pelajari struktur dari kalimat simple past tense. Namun sebelum itu, coba lihat contoh kalimat di bawah ini terlebih dahulu ya.

It snowed yesterday.

I watched television last night.

Verbal Sentence

  1. Kalimat positif untuk regular verb

Rumus: subject + verb + -ed

Contoh: She finished her work at 9 o’clock

  1. Kalimat positif untuk irregular verb

Rumus: subject + verb 2

Contoh: We gave her a beautiful birthday cake for her party

  1. Kalimat negatif untuk regular verb

Rumus: subject + did + not + infinitive without to

Contoh: She did not finish her work at 9 o’clock

  1. Kalimat negatif untuk irregular verb

Rumus: subject + did + not + infinitive without to

Contoh: We did not give her a beautiful cake for her party

  1. Kalimat tanya untuk regular verb

Rumus: Did + subject + infinitive without to

Contoh: Did she finish her work at 9 o’clock?

  1. Kalimat tanya untuk irregular verb

Rumus: Did + subject + infinitive without to

Contoh: Did we give her a beautiful cake for her birthday?

Baca juga: Mengenal Rumus Simple Present Tense (Bagian 1)

past tense

Nominal Sentence

  1. Kalimat positif

Rumus: subject + was/were

Contoh:

The historicity of the Kurukshetra War was a subject to scholarly discussion.

I was a history teacher before.

Ranada and Fanaya were my students.

  1. Kalimat negatif

Rumus: subject + was/were + not

Contoh:

The historicity of the Kurukshetra was not a subject to scholarly discussion.

I was not a history teacher berfore.

Ranada and Fanaya were not my students.

  1. Kalimat tanya

Rumus: Was/Were + subject

Contoh:

Was the historicity of the Kurukshetra War a subject to scholarly discussion?

Was I a history teacher before?

Were Ranada and Fanaya my students?

Catatan: Was digunakan untuk Subject I, She, He, dan It. Sedangkan Were digunakan untuk You, We, They, dan Plural Subject.

Latihan Soal

  1. Once upon a time in the Mountain E-Mei, there______White Snake and Black Snake with magical power. White Snake_______into a very beautiful girl, named BAI Su-Zheng, or Lady White. Black Snake also_______a lovely maid, named Xiao Qing.

Complete this following sentence with simple past tense.

  1. Are, changes, becomes
  2. Were, changed, became
  3. Was, changed, became
  4. Is, changed, became
  5. Were, changed, becomed.

Jawaban : B

Pembahasan : Jawaban yang tepat adalah B karena Were digunakan untuk plural dan Verb past dari change adalah changed (regular) dan become adalah became (irregular)

2. Why (you / not / get) up earlier? You’re going to be late.

  1. Didn’t you get
  2. Didn’t you got
  3. Do you get?
  4. Don’t you get
  5. Don’t you getting

Jawaban: A

Pembahasan: Jawaban yang tepat adalah A karena kalimat tanya yang digunakan setelah interrogative pronoun dalam bentuk negative harus didahului dengan verb past dari do (did) jika setelahnya terdapat verb, dan verb tersebut harus dalam bentuk bare infinitive.

Bagaimana Squad? Semoga kamu semakin paham ya mengenai struktur dan rumus kalimat simple past tense. Jika kamu merasa masih membutuhkan bantuan dari guru bahasa Inggris berkualitas, kamu bisa mencari guru privat di ruangles. Kamu bisa mencari guru yang sesuai dengan kriteria dan daerah asalmu lho! Yuk, temukan gurumu sekarang!

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